Yamaha YZF-R125 Service Manual: Starting failures

Engine

1. Cylinder and cylinder head

- Loose spark plug

- Loose cylinder head or cylinder

- Damaged cylinder head gasket

- Damaged cylinder gasket

- Worn or damaged cylinder

- Incorrect valve clearance

- Improperly sealed valve

- Incorrect valve-to-valve-seat contact

- Incorrect valve timing

- Faulty valve spring

- Seized valve

2. Piston and piston ring(s)

- Improperly installed piston ring

- Damaged, worn or fatigued piston ring

- Seized piston ring

- Seized or damaged piston

3. Air filter

  • Improperly installed air filter
  • Clogged air filter element

4. Crankcase and crankshaft

  • Improperly assembled crankcase
  • Seized crankshaft

Fuel system

1. Fuel tank

  • Empty fuel tank
  • Clogged fuel filter
  • Deteriorated or contaminated fuel

2. Fuel pump

  • Faulty fuel pump

3. Throttle body

  • Deteriorated or contaminated fuel
  • Sucked-in air

Electrical system

1. Battery

  • Discharged battery
  • Faulty battery

2. Fuse(s)

  • Blown, damaged or incorrect fuse
  • Improperly installed fuse

3. Spark plug

  • Incorrect spark plug gap
  • Incorrect spark plug heat range
  • Fouled spark plug
  • Worn or damaged electrode
  • Worn or damaged insulator
  • Faulty spark plug cap

4. Ignition coil

  • Cracked or broken ignition coil body
  • Broken or shorted primary or secondary coils
  • Faulty spark plug lead

5. Ignition system

  • Faulty ECU
  • Faulty crankshaft position sensor
  • Broken generator rotor woodruff key

6. Switches and wiring

  • Faulty main switch
  • Faulty engine stop switch
  • Broken or shorted wiring
  • Faulty neutral switch
  • Faulty start switch
  • Faulty sidestand switch
  • Faulty clutch switch
  • Improperly grounded circuit
  • Loose connections

7. Starting system

  • Faulty starter motor
  • Faulty starter relay
  • Faulty starting circuit cut-off relay
  • Faulty starter clutch
    General information
    NOTE: The following guide for troubleshooting does not cover all the possible causes of trouble. It should be helpful, however, as a guide to basic troubleshooting. Refer to the relative procedu ...

    Incorrect engine idling speed
    Engine 1. Cylinder and cylinder head Incorrect valve clearance Damaged valve train components 2. Air filter Clogged air filter element Fuel system 1. Throttle body Damaged or loo ...

    Other materials:

    Unstable handling
    Handlebars - Bent or improperly installed right handlebar - Bent or improperly installed left handlebar 1. Steering head components - Improperly installed upper bracket - Improperly installed lower bracket (improperly tightened ring nut) - Bent steering stem - Damaged ball bearing or bearing ...

    Catalytic converters
    This vehicle is equipped with catalytic converters in the exhaust system. WARNING The exhaust system is hot after operation. To prevent a fire hazard or burns: Do not park the vehicle near possible fire hazards such as grass or other materials that easily burn. Park the vehic ...

    Checking the turn signal relay
    1. Check: Turn signal relay input voltage Out of specification →The wiring circuit from the main switch to the turn signal relay coupler is faulty and must be repaired. a. Connect the pocket tester (DC 20 V) to the turn signal relay terminal as shown. - Positive tester probe  b ...

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